Tag: Mitigation

CMA – Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement

CMA is the short form for the group of the countries who have signed and ratified the Paris Agreement. The full name of this governing body is “Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement”. Meetings of this group are numbered and called “CMA1” etc. The first meeting of the …

Read more

Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty from 1997. It is connected to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It has in essence been replaced by the Paris Agreement, agreed at COP21 in December 2015. The Kyoto Protocol set more concrete targets for reducing emissions than the convention does. The targets were however far …

Read more


The difference between mitigation and adaptation (in the climate change context). Source: Locatelli & Pramova, Forests and synergies between adaptation and mitigation, weADAPT.

The meaning of Mitigation in the climate change context is the reduction of emissions of greenhouse gases like carbon dioxide (CO2). To mitigate the emissions from cars, fossil fuels like diesel could for example be replaced with renewable fuels like biogas. Mitigation is often paired with the word “Adaptation“. The difference between mitigation and adaptation is shown …

Read more

INDC – Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

INDC Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

INDCs are the plans countries write which describe which climate action they’re intending to take, to contribute to the global efforts to combat climate change. INDC stands for Intended Nationally Determined Contribution. The plans can include mitigation efforts, adaptation measures and intended or needed climate finance. Once the plans have been submitted to the UN …

Read more


Divest is a word meaning the opposite of invest, specifically about areas which are questionable from a climate perspective. To divest from something is not just to stop investing but to cancel the investment, as in taking back one’s money. The idea of divestment in the climate change context is to move money from fossil fuels …

Read more

Fossil Free

Fossil Free is a campaign by US American organization 350.org asking institutions and companies to stop investing in fossil fuels. The campaign is run by various national and local groups, such as Fossil Free Sweden and Fossil Free Berlin. The asks of the campaign are: Immediately freeze any new investment in fossil fuel companies Divest …

Read more