CMA – Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement

CMA is the short form for the group of the countries who have signed and ratified the Paris Agreement. The full name of this governing body is “Conference of the Parties serving as the meeting of the Parties to the Paris Agreement”. Meetings of this group are numbered and called “CMA1” etc. The first meeting of the …

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Kyoto Protocol

The Kyoto Protocol is an international treaty from 1997. It is connected to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It has in essence been replaced by the Paris Agreement, agreed at COP21 in December 2015. The Kyoto Protocol set more concrete targets for reducing emissions than the convention does. The targets were however far …

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INDC – Intended Nationally Determined Contribution

INDC Intended Nationally Determined Contributions

INDCs are the plans countries write which describe which climate action they’re intending to take, to contribute to the global efforts to combat climate change. INDC stands for Intended Nationally Determined Contribution. The plans can include mitigation efforts, adaptation measures and intended or needed climate finance. Once the plans have been submitted to the UN …

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High Ambition Coalition

The High Ambition Coalition logotype. Source: Miguel Arias Cañete on twitter (@MAC_europa)

During the UN climate negotiations (and sometimes other UN meetings) countries join together in groups to achieve greater power. The “High Ambition Coalition” is such a group, and was first seen at COP21 in Paris. Its members are a bit unclear, with claims ranging from all 28 EU countries, USA and another 79 countries, mainly poor …

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UNFCCC – United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNFCCC logotype. Source: UNFCCC flickr

UNFCCC is the climate convention under the United Nations, signed by practically all countries in the world. It is an international treaty aiming at avoiding dangerous climate change. The convention was adopted in Rio de Janeiro 1992. The formal name is the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, but most often the abbreviation UNFCCC is used. …

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Espinosa, Patricia

Patricia Espinosa at COP16 in Cancún 2010. Source: UNFCCC

Patricia Espinosa is the new Executive Director for the United Nations’ climate body UNFCCC. She will take office after current Director Christiana Figueres leaves on 6 July 2016. Espinosa is Mexico’s ambassador to Germany and was earlier Secretary of Foreign Affairs in Mexico. She also led the UN climate change talks COP16 in Cancún 2010.

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